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Glossary of Pallet Terms (H&S Forest Products)

Original source:

English termDefinition
Annular NailPallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank
Banding NotchSee Strap Slot
BinFour-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base
Block PalletA type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck
Bottom DeckAssembly of deckboards comprising the lower
Butted DeckboardAn inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly
CADComputer-aided-design software that allows the design of the “right” pallet at the best value; see Pallet Design System© (PDS©)
Captive PalletA pallet intended for use within the confines of a single facility
Chamfered DeckboardsDeckboards with edges of one or two faces beveled
Closed Distribution SystemShipping system restricted to moving goods between specified plants and facilities
CollarCollapsible wooden container or bin which transforms a pallet into a box
Cost-Pass-ThroughA cost-share system where the partial cost of a pallet is passed-through from the purchaser to the receiver of the pallet
Cost-Per-TripThe average cost of pallet use for a single one-way trip
DeckOne or more boards or panels comprising the top or bottom surface of the pallet
Deck MatAssembly of deckboards and stringerboards
DeckboardElement or component of a pallet deck
Deckboard SpacingDistance between adjacent deckboards
Deckboard SpanDistance between deckboard supports (stringers
DeflectionThe amount of deformation or bending in a pallet or pallet component under load
DimensionsSee Pallet Dimensions
Double-Face PalletA pallet with top and bottom decks
Double-Wing PalletA pallet with top and bottom deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringerboards
Drive Screw NailHelically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail
Economic LifeOutput from PDS© program which identifies the number of trips the pallet will make
Exchange PalletA pallet intended for use among a designated group of shippers and receivers where ownership of the pallet is transferred with the ownership of the unit load; common pool pallet
Expendable PalletA pallet intended for a series of handlings during a single trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Shipping Pallet
FastenerA mechanical device for joining pallet components such as nails
Fastener Shear IndexRelative measure of shear resistance of the pallet fastener
Flush PalletA pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers
Fork EntryOpening between decks
Four-Way Block PalletA pallet with openings at both pallet ends and along pallet sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet
Free SpanThe distance between supports in a warehouse rack
Hand (Wheel) Jack OpeningSpace provided in the bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor
HandlingA single pick-up
Hardened-Steel NailHeat-treated and tempered steel pallet nail with a MIBANT angle between 8 and 28 degrees
HardwoodWood from broad-leaved species of trees (not necessarily hard or dense)
Helical NailHelically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail
Inner DeckboardAny deckboard located between the end deckboards
JointIntersection and connection of components
LengthRefers to the stringer or stringerboard (in block pallets) length; also refers to the first dimension given to describe a pallet i.e.
Life To First RepairOutput from PDS© program which is equivalent to the number of trips the pallet will last before needing repair
Line LoadThe weight of a unit load concentrated along a narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet
Load Bearing SurfaceThe actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load
MIBANT AngleThe bend angle in a fastener shank when subjected to a MIBANT test
MIBANT Test(Morgan Impact Bend Angle Nail Tester)
NailFastener made from endless wire by cutting a point and forming a head at the shank end opposite the point
Non-Reversible PalletA pallet with bottom deckboard configuration different from the top deck
NotchA cutout in the lower portion of the stringer to allow entry for the fork tine
Notched StringerA stringer with two notches spaced for fork-tine entry
NWPCANational Wooden Pallet and Container Association; a national association with the goal of promoting the design
Opening HeightThe vertical distance measured between decks
Overall HeightThe vertical distance measured from the floor to the top side of the top deck
OverhangAlso known as the wing or lip; the distance the deck extends from the outer edge of the stringer or stringerboard; the distance the unit load extends beyond the deck
PalletA portable
Pallet Design System© (PDS©)Reliability-based computer-aided-design (CAD) program that determines the safe load carrying capacity
Pallet DimensionsWhen specifying pallet size
Pallet JackHand-propelled wheeled platform
Pallet LifeThe period during which the pallet remains useful
Panel Deck PalletPallet constructed with composite or structural panel top deck
Partial Four-Way Stringer PalletA pallet with notched stringers
Post PalletA pallet fitted with posts or blocks between the decks or beneath the top deck; see block pallet
QualityConsistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer’s needs for economy and function
Racked Across DeckboardsOutput from PDS© program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the deckboards
Racked Across StringersOutput from the PDS© program describing the maximum load carrying capacity and deflection of a pallet where the rack frame supports the pallet only at the ends of the stringers or stringerboards
RecyclingA pallet
Rental PalletA pallet owned by a third party
RepairTo remake in order to use again
Returnable/Reusable PalletA pallet designed to be used for more than one trip
Reversible PalletA pallet with identical top and bottom decks
Shipping PalletPallet designed to be used for a single one-way trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Expendable Pallet
ShookCut-to-size pallet parts to be assembled into pallets
Shook GradeThe classification of the quality of pallet parts relative to performance characteristics based on size and distribution of defects
Single-Wing PalletA pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringerboards with the bottom deckboards flush (if present)
SkidA pallet having no bottom deck
Slave PalletPallet
Soft NailPallet nail with a MIBANT angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees
SoftwoodWood from coniferous or needle-bearing trees (not necessarily soft or low density)
Solid Deck PalletA pallet constructed with no spacing between deckboards
SpanThe distance between stringer or block supports
Stevedore PalletA pallet designed for use on seaport shipping docks
Stiff-Stock Steel NailA pallet nail made of medium-high carbon steel without heat treatment and tempering with a MIBANT angle between 29 and 46 degrees
Strap SlotA recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer or the bottom of the top deckboard to allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding
StrappingThin flat bands used to secure the load to a pallet
StringerboardIn block pallets
Take-It-Or-Leave-It PalletA pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet
Top CapPanel to be placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping without damaging the unit load
Top Deck of the PalletThe assembly of deckboards comprising the upper load-carrying surface of the pallet
TripConsists of four to six handlings of a pallet
Two-Way Entry PalletA pallet with un-notched solid stringers allowing entry only from the ends
Unit LoadAssembly of goods on a pallet for handling
Warehouse PalletA double-face multiple trip returnable pallet intended for general warehouse use
WingAn overhang of deckboard end from the outside edge of a stringer or stringerboard
wordbook/glossary-of-pallet-terms.txt · Last modified: 2020/06/14 13:14 (external edit)